How To Connect a Microphone To Your PC Computer, Laptop, Mac or iPad

Connecting A Microphone To A ComputerOne of our most frequently asked questions is how to connect a microphone to a PC Computer or laptop and start making audio recordings. Many computers ship with simple dynamic microphones made especially for connecting directly to the soundcard, equipped with 1/8 inch plugs (mini-jacks) that can be plugged straight in to the mic-in socket (often coloured pink on standard sound cards).

However, while this will be appropriate for beginners and those recording for their own use only, musicians and podcasters who want a more professional sound will probably be disappointed with the quality of these generic mics, and may also find the recording quality of a standard sound card is not too good either.

USB Microphones

USB MicrophoneA really neat one-stop solution for recording on your computer, and one which will offer a considerable improvement in quality over a generic computer microphone and sound card combination, is to consider a USB mic. A USB microphone is a high quality microphones which simply plugs straight into your USB port – perfect for musicians on the move with laptops, but equally at home in the desktop music studio. Also a really good option with the iPad and other tablets. USB mics are compatible with both PC and Mac operating systems – they just plug and play so you can get started really quickly. They represent excellent value because there is no requirement to purchase any additional hardware, and are very easy to install and use.

Particularly good for the vocalists who want to record over backing tracks are the microphones which have a headphone output because you can ‘direct monitor’ through headphones – in other words listen to the track while you are singing along. These are equally simple to set up and use in this way and will produce really good recording results. If you just want to make good quality recordings one track at a time, or if you are thinking about voiceovers for videos etc then you do not need to be so concerned about the headphone output and you may prefer the features and equipment of the larger USB studio mics.

While you are choosing your mic, think about whether you need to purchase a stand, shockmount or recording booth at the same time. Unless you are using a handheld dynamic microphone you will at least require a stand, though you will find that most USB microphones come with a small desktop stand to get you started.

4 Tried And Trusted USB Microphones To Consider


Blue Microphones Yeti USB Microphone Plus and Play USB Mic with gain control, mute button, zero-latency headphone output. Perfect for vocals, musical instruments, podcasting, voiceovers, interviews, field recordings and conference calls

Audio-Technica ATR2500-USB Cardioid Condenser USB Microphone Condenser microphone with USB output for easy connection to your computer. Built-in headphone jack allows you to directly monitor your microphone output without audible delay. Adjust headphone volume with easy-to-use controls on the front of the microphone

Samson Meteor Mic USB Studio Microphone Nice chrome plated design, and a universal solution for recording music on your computer. Perfect for your home studio, Meteor Mic is also ideal for Skype, iChat or voice recognition software. With stereo 1/8-inch headphone output for no latency monitoring and headphone volume knob give you complete control.

Rode NT-USB USB Condenser Microphone High quality studio microphone with the convenience of USB connectivity. Ultra-low noise.

All the above are well reviewed and highly rated USB microphones, robust and easy to set up and use out of the box. A really cost effective way to kickstart your home recording studio on a budget.

USB Audio Interfaces

USB Audio InterfaceWhat if you want more than just a USB mic? Maybe you want to start up a small home studio with more capability than just one microphone input. Well the next thing to look at is a dedicated USB Audio interface that is specifically designed to allow a mic (or several microphones) to be connected, and usually other instruments as well. These USB audio interfaces already have the necessary pre-amps and software to give you a really high quality recording result on your PC or Mac without the need to install a PCI sound card, so they are also great for mobile recording on a laptop or notebook and easily transferable if you upgrade your system in the future, but you will need to purchase a microphone and cables separately if you don’t already own a mic.

Many interfaces feature a mic pre-amp and line/guitar in with gain so they are perfect for vocalists, guitarists and instrumentalists. Check whether the device you are looking at has phantom power or not and remember you will also need an XLR cable to connect the microphone to the interface,and headphones or powered speakers for monitoring. The sound will come out of the interface, not your computer so if you currently listen through your computer speakers you will need to bear this in mind.

If you require an interface with phantom power (most condenser mics require this unless they are self-powered) then make sure the interface you pick does have a phantom switch or you will end up having to buy a separate power supply. While you are checking this, think about many microphone/line inputs you require, and also look at what software comes with the audio interface for a neat out of the box one-stop recording solution.

Some interfaces also have MIDI in/out so you can also connect up a keyboard or digital piano making them really versatile and multi-functional.

Popular USB Audio Interface Bundles With Professional Mic Input and Microphone


Focusrite Scarlett Studio USB Audio Interface Recording Package Contains high quality condenser microphone, referencing headphones, and Scarlett XLR mic cable
Focusrite iTrack Studio Complete Recording Package for iPad, Mac and PC Studio-quality recording package for your iPad, Mac, or PC, includes CM25S studio-quality condensor microphone, HP60S studio monitoring headphones and cables

M-Audio Vocal Studio PRO Complete Vocal Studio Package featuring Pro Tools Express Everything you need to start recording in one box: M-Audio M-Track Interface, large diaphragm vocal microphone, studio headphones plus Avid Pro Tools Express with iLok USB key

Steinberg UR22 Recording Pack Audio Interface Aimed at musicians and producers seeking a portable high quality audio solution, the UR22 Recording Pack brings together some great brands in the box. Steinberg, MXL and Mogami have teamed up to make up this off-the-shelf recording package

Common Questions: What is phantom power?

In most condenser mics, a power source is needed to maintain an electrical charge between the elements inside. Many pre-amps and audio/MIDI interfaces have an AC power supply built into them for use by a condenser mic. This is called a phantom power supply, meaning that the electrical power is carried up the cable that attaches the mic to the pre-amp or interface. Most condensor mics (apart from all our USB ones) require a phantom power supply, but dynamic mics do not.

What is a pre-amp?

A pre-amp is a device that amplifies the signal from your microphone to make it strong enough to be usable by the computer. You can buy a versatile external interface that combines a soundcard and pre-amp, connecting via the USB port, or the other option is to buy a dedicated pre-amp or mixer with the appropriate signal.

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Comments

  1. Silviu says

    hey i got a mic with JACK and i got a laptop and i have onluy one device suport to plugin the micro and then its tell meto plugin the headset or headphne or speaker out!HELP!

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi, I don’t really understand this? Most laptops usually have a mic in and a headphone in. Usually you can hear the sound from the laptop speakers, or you connect headphones and listen through them (this is all assuming you are not using an external USB audio interface). Can you find a different way to phrase this question so I can try and understand what you are asking? Thanks!

  2. Malcolm says

    Hi Jane. I connected a Shure PG48 condenser mic to a female XLR with earth, cold and hot on 1,2 and 3 respectively, and the other end to a stereo prewired 1/8 jack and plugged it into my laptop. As soon as I did I got a serious buzz. What did I do wrong?

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi, not surprised, you should connect a condenser mic to a suitable audio interface with pro mic input (and phantom power). The mic input on a laptop is only suitable for dynamic mics – and even then will only give average recording quality. Hope that helps a bit.

  3. evany says

    Hi , im a singer and want to start putting music on youtube but i dont have a lot of money to but awsome expensive equipment i like the information you have given. So if i just get a usb microphone and headphones and plug them to my laptop i can record my music or how does it work i need help plese comment back or follow me on twitter @austinMinspira and comment to me please S.O.S

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi, yes a USB mic will be the least expensive way of getting a reasonable recording of your vocals. A good cheap one is the Samson Meteor Mic here: http://www.musicrepo.com/samson-meteor-mic as it has its own headphone socket so you can direct monitor and a built-in stand so no other purchase required (other than the headphones)

  4. Davidw says

    The reason I didn’t get a USB mic is because I can only choose one USB mic or audio interface at a time. that’s why I went with the audio interface, so I can record guitar and vocal at once. Also, I am not sure if you can monitor the music on your computer as well as what you are singing with the USB mic. Also, reviewing USB mic’s on amazon and google led me to believe that USB mics are a bit more riskier.

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi David, I think if you have the budget then an audio interface is more flexible and better than a USB mic, but for many people just starting out a USB mic can make a huge difference to the quality of what they are recording for a much lower initial investment. I would always recommend considering a microphone that does allow direct monitoring. Many do have a headphone output to allow this. But thank you for your feedback, most interesting. Regards, Jane

  5. Moein says

    That was perfect and helpful.
    One question: do both condensor and dynamic mics need pre-amps?
    When exactly do we need pre-amps?
    If I want to connect a regular dynamic mic (not a USB one) to laptop using an XLR to USB cable, do I need a pre-amp?

    • Jane Sherratt says

      All mics need a good pre-amp to record them at best quality. Condenser mics also require phantom power. The pre-amp makes sure the signal from the mic is at the right level to record. If you buy an XLR-USB cable then it will have some kind of built-in audio interface and you will not need any pre-amp. I assume you are talking about something like the Alesis Miclink? http://www.musicrepo.com/xlr-usb
      Hope that answers your questions.

  6. PrInce Sharma says

    Hi jenny prince here .i just buy a mic called rode nt1a and audio interface roland duo capture i’m conecting to my laptop but i dont know whats hapning like my laptop recording my voice not my mic so let me know i need any input output cable to transfer voice???

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Make sure you have correctly installed the Roland Duo Capture and set it as the default recording device. It sounds as if your recording software may be choosing your laptop mic as the default. If you have any problems, refer to the Roland tech support site for further info. Hope that helps

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi, an XLR to USB cable IS a form of USB interface. You don’t need any other equipment, it is designed to connect a mic straight to your computer. Do watch, though as many XLR-USB cables do not provide any phantom power so may not work with a condenser mic.

  7. Lokesh says

    Hi

    I am looking for a wireless lavelier microphone which can be connected with my laptop.
    can you suggest me a wireless mic which can be connected with a computer.

    I am a trainer an i need this to launch my class online.

    I am ok if i need to buy a amlifier with the mic.

    Thanks
    Lokesh

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi Lokesh, To be honest with you I am unable to recommend any wireless lavalier microphone as I do not have any personal experience. I use a computer based system in a home studio environment and have no need of wireless. I have recently purchased an Audio Technica Pro 70 Lavalier (link below)
      http://www.musicrepo.com/audio-technica-pro70
      and it really is absolutely superb. I use it for video work. I was put off buying wireless because you do have to spend a lot more money to get a good quality wireless lavalier mic, as far as I could see in the reviews. I am sorry I can’t help you more, if you really need wireless to do the job. But if you could use a wired mic then that one works really well.
      To get it to work on my computer I run it through a USB audio interface with XLR input to mic pre-amp. It does work OK on iPad directly with the appropriate connector, it makes a great quality recording, but a little quiet. I find if I hook my interface up to the iPad (it has an iPad connector) and record through that then I get a fantastic result.
      So if you do find a good recommendation for a wireless mic system, you will then need to think about running it through pre-amp and if you don’t already have one you may as well purchase a good interface with built-in pre-amp to make the best quality recording. Hope that helps. All the best, Jane

  8. says

    I am wondering what to do. I am plugging this Shure Beta SM27 into a USB/Firewire Audio Kontrol 1 interface from Native Instruments right? And, I am connecting the guitar through the guitar effects and then into the amplifier. This is a ‘stand alone system’ which is connected parallely around the interface for the purpose of getting the most RAW-sound out of the recording. Now, this is what I am wondering onto. How am I getting the sound emanating from the amplifier, which the microphone is receiving, through the interface, into the computer’s recording software? Please note that the software that included with the NI audio kontrol 1 interface is mainly for DJ’s or for those who wish to connect the guitar directly into the interface without amplification. (I am not one of those).

    • Jane Sherratt says

      Hi, you should be able to select the microphone in as the default to record direct into any recording software, assuming you ahve your Audio Kontrol correctly connected and installed. If you are on Windows then try looking at the recording devices in the control panel, there should be a meter and you will be able to see when you play a note that a signal is being received. Your interface has both and instrument and a mic input, just make sure you have selected the mic input in your software. Hope that helps.

  9. Suyash says

    hi Jane,
    i am planning to buy Focusrite Scarlet 2i2. I have a technical question. From what i read(wiki) phantom power is 12V, 24V or 48V. But the power output of USB is 5V. So, if i connect Focusrite Scarlet 2i2 to USB port of my laptop, i am running it(Scarlet 2i2) on USB power, which is 5V. How can an audio interface generate phantom power to mic connected to it? as if device running on 5V is generating much higher power(12-48V).
    Thanks for the article.

    • Jane Sherratt says

      I have an interface running on USB that provides 48v phantom power. To be honest I had never thought about the power difference between USB and phantom. There must be some kind of stepper inside the device. I have no idea how it works but it does! I am sure you will love the Focusrite, it is a very well reviewed and popular interface, and if the phantom power didn’t work on USB then there would be lots of protesting going on! Hope that reassures you. http://www.musicrepo.com/Scarlett-2i2

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